Can insects smell? Yes, with their antenna (!) full of sensilla (pores that collect “smells” ((chemicals))).
What does the word insect mean? Insect is from the Latin Insectum, which means “in sections” (divided).
How do fireflies light up? They emit a chemical called Luceferan (or one called Luciferase) that produces light when it reacts with oxygen in the air. The light is called bioluminescence, and it does not produce heat.
What is the smallest insect? The smallest known insect is the fairy fly (which is really from the wasp family), which is only 0.21 millimeters long. It’s a parasite of other insects’ eggs.
Do insects sleep? Insects don’t have eyelids, so they can’t close their eyes to sleep like we can. But they do go through periods of deep rest called torpor. One insect suspends itself by its jaw in torpor; another insect enters and exits torpor by freezing and thawing out.
Do insects get scared? Not like we do–insects don’t feel emotion (happiness, sadness, fear). They seem like they are scared of us because they run away from us…but that is only a reaction to our size and movement for their own protection. Also, insects don’t feel pain the way we do, because they don’t have the pain neuroreceptors we have.
How do insects move their wings? Insect wings are made of chitin (same as their exoskeleton) and are very small compared to their body size, so they have to move very fast to make the insect fly. Insects have muscles inside their thorax to move their wings–one contracts to move the wing up, the other contracts to bring the wing back down. Plus, they are able to change the position (angle) of their wing during the upstroke to keep from being pushed right back down to where they started.
How does a caterpillar spin a cocoon? Caterpillars make silk just like spiders. They find a good leaf to hang from, then they either wrap themselves in two silk-covered leaves OR weave a shell entirely of silk. A caterpillar in a cocoon is called a chrysalis; the chrysalis stage usually lasts around 12 days.
What’s the difference between spiders and insects? Insects have 6 jointed legs; spiders have 8. Insects have three body sections (head, thorax, abdomen); spiders have two (cephalothorax, abdomen). Insects have at minimum 2 compound eyes; spiders only have simple eyes.
(A few of the many questions my 3-5th graders have about insects. Pretty good questions, huh? I held a press conference in class yesterday to give them their long awaited answers.)